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Extracted from Myles Textbook for Midwives 15th Edition. Diane M. Fraser, Margaret A. Cooper (Eds). London; Churchill Livingstone: 2009. Courtesy Elsevier.
Hyperglycaemia is less clinically significant that hypoglycaemia (See, Hypoglycaemia) and occurs predominantly in pre-term and severely growth restricted infants. It is also seen in term infants in response to stress, especially following hypoxia-ischaemia, surgery or drugs such as corticosteroids. In general, no treatment is required.
Sinclair JC, Bottino M, Cowett RM. (2011). Interventions for prevention of neonatal hyperlgycemia in very low birth weight infants. Available at: http://www.cochrane.org/CD007615/NEONATAL_interventions-for-prevention-of-neonatal-hyperglycemia-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants