Return to index
Extracted from Survival Guide to Midwifery, 2nd Edition (2012) Diane M. Fraser and Margaret A. Cooper, Oxford; Churchill Livingstone: 2012. Courtesy Elsevier
Ophthalmia neonatorum is a notifiable condition. It involves a purulent discharge from the eyes of an infant that occurs within 21 days of birth. The condition is usually acquired during vaginal birth and causative organisms include:
Chlamydia and gonorrhoea can cause conjunctival scarring, corneal infiltration, blindness and systemic spread.
Treatment involves local cleaning and care of the eyes with normal saline and appropriate drug therapy for the baby (and mother if required).
See also Neonatal infections