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Extracted from Survival Guide to Midwifery, 2nd Edition (2012) Diane M. Fraser and Margaret A. Cooper, Oxford; Churchill Livingstone: 2012. Courtesy Elsevier
Tachypnoea in neonates is an abnormal respiratory rate at rest above 60 breaths per minute. It is important to observe the baby's breathing (as part of the initial assessment of the baby's condition after birth and thereafter) when he or she is at rest and when active. The midwife should always start by observing skin colour and then carry out a respiratory inspection, taking into account whether the baby is making either an extra effort or insufficient effort to breathe.
Increased work of breathing
These infants may require help with their breathing, either by intubation or continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) ventilation.