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Swelling of the scalp in a newborn. It is most often brought on by pressure from the uterus or vaginal wall during a vertex (head first) delivery. It is a soft, puffy swelling on the scalp, with possibly bruising or change of colour. A caput succedaneum is more likely to from during a long or hard delivery, and is more common after the membranes have broken, as the amniotic fluid no longer provides a cushion for the baby's head. It is most often seen on the portion of the head that presented first.
Features of caput succedaneum
Ventouse extraction can also increase the chances of a caput succedaneum.
Patient. (2015) Birth injuries to the baby (Professional reference). Available at: http://patient.info/doctor/birth-injuries-to-the-baby