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Extracted from Survival Guide to Midwifery, 2nd Edition (2012) Diane M. Fraser and Margaret A. Cooper, Oxford; Churchill Livingstone: 2012. Courtesy Elsevier
An operative procedure carried out under anaesthesia whereby the fetus, placenta and membranes are delivered through an incision in the abdominal wall and the uterus.
Emergency caesarean section (C-section) is carried out when adverse conditions develop during pregnancy or labour. Examples of indications for emergency C-section include:
Elective C-section is so-termed when the decision to carry out the procedure has been taken during pregnancy, before labour has commenced. Indications include:
Regional anaesthesia remains the safer option but general anaesthesia is sometimes required.
Complications include infection and thromboembolic disorders See also Vaginal birth after Caesarean section (VBAC)
National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (2011). Caesarean section CG132. https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg132